Physiotherapy is primarily concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of injuries involving the neuromusculoskeletal system.
NEURO – Nerves
MUSCULO – Muscles and Tendons
SKELETAL – Bones, Joints, Cartilage and ligaments
Damage to one of these structures may result in pain, ‘pins and needles’/numbness, swelling, bruising, stiffness or weakness. The Physiotherapist’s role is to establish which structure has been damaged and, ideally, how it was damaged. By understanding what caused the injury we can focus on treating it and prevent the injury from recurring.
In addition to spending time listening to each patient’s recount of their injury, we perform numerous diagnostic tests to determine both the nature and the probable cause of the injury. Then, according to which structures have been damaged, the physiotherapist may use their hands to mobilise stiff joints and/or release tight muscles, provide a program of exercises to strengthen weak structures, and advise as to what activities to do or to avoid in order to accelerate recovery.
The principal focus of treatment is then on restoring normal, symmetrical, pain-free movement. And, because it is ‘abnormal’ asymmetrical movement that often leads to injury, Physiotherapy London can prevent injury by identifying and correcting such movement asymmetries.